Nueva Esparta State is located north of Venezuela, 38 Km north east coast, consists of three islands with the following geographic coordinates:
Margarita Island: 10 º 51 '50 "- 11 º 11' 06" Latitude norte63 º 46 '40 "- 64 º 24' 32" West Longitude.
Island Car: 10 º 46 '30 "Latitude norte63 º 56' 45" West Longitude.
Cubagua Island: 10 º 49 '40 "Latitude norte64 º 11' 25" West Longitude
1.150Km2 (115,000 hectares), representing 0.13% of national territory.
Surface of each island:
Margaret, 1.071 km2. - Car, 55Km2. - Cubagua 24 km2.
The body has 315 kms of coastline, which constitute its main tourist resort.
A tropical climate with a relatively low average rainfall are characteristic of the climate in much of the island, with average annual temperatures of 25 to 30 degrees Celsius. The weather is cooling due to wind currents that kept most of the year, with several beaches ideal places to practice sports such as sailing all year round.
Boca de Rio, Juan Griego, Pampatar Paraguachi and Porlamar.
Political Territorial Division
Eleven (11) municipalities: Antolin del Campo, Arismendi Diaz, Garcia, Gomez, Maneiro, Marcano, Marino, Macanao Peninsula, Tubores and Villalba.
The landscape is made up mostly by two large blocks arranged in a general east-west, connected by a narrow isthmus of low elevations denominated Isthmus of La Restinga. The western area, called Macanao Peninsula, is characterized by a massive elongated in an east - west from the hill Guarataro Macanao up the hill, while the eastern sector presented in the center - three mountain ranges aligned north to south direction -- Northeast; is outstanding topographical features hills Copey, La Guardia, and Guayamurí Matasiete. The south eastern massif presents a topography of low relief with the exception of moderate elevations located north of Punta Carnero and the Tetas de Maria Guevara, northeast of Punta de Piedras.
The state of Nueva Esparta is a continuation of Caribbean mountain system, separated from the mainland by the Depression of Cariaco, geologically characterized by successive events of volcanism, sedimentation, emersion, deposition and removal. The lithology is represented by the igneous formations - the Mesozoic metamorphic basement which are sets of the mountainous and hilly relief, especially in the foothills of the mountain landscapes, massive Maria Guevara and Orinoco. Tertiary sedimentary formations constitute the base of the hills in the area Pampatar, most of the coastal plain as well as some areas Macanao Peninsula and finally the quaternary formations of Pleistocene and Holocene, which belong to marine terraces lower, consisting of alluvium, coastal terraces and alluvial, calcareous sandstone and deposits lagoon.
Main Rivers: Chaguaramal, El Muco, El Valle, La Asuncion, Old, Black, San Francisco, San Juan and Tacarigua.Lagunas: La Restinga, The maritime and river Mártires.Los the entity have a very irregular flow regime , appearing dry most of the year and rainfall for short periods, typically from low but intense and concentrated rainfall. The few rains make the surface and ground water resources are scarce, because in spite of favorable geological conditions exist for storage, recharge is not significant, this makes the supply of water for urban relies almost entirely on the mainland.
The physical characteristics - natural, particularly the topography and climate have produced a mixture of life zones ranging from tropical desert scrub in the lowlands and dry, from the hill on a wide range of altitudinal forest predominantly spiny tropical dry forest and the Cerro Copey. The higher rainfall area of the island, corresponds to pre-montane rainforest. In salt marshes and mangrove forests grow
Araguás (araguaney), cactus, mesquite yaque, guaiac, Jobo, vera, among others.
With regard to energy resources, the islands that make up the entity do not have oil or hydroelectric potential. Mineral resources are limited to ground the existence of non-metallic minerals such as gravel, sand, limestone and stone used in the construction industry.